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PLANNED MEASURES

With the aim of the Construction Logistics Programme being to minimise the impact of construction, it’s vital that there is a commitment to a range of specific techniques that are agreed to throughout the planning permission process.

Known as planned measures these techniques are used to influence behaviours that reduce environmental impact, road risk and congestion. They must be SMART (Specific, Measurable, Agreed, Realistic, Timely) easily interpreted, implemented and monitored and are agreed as part of an Outline CLP. They are also revisited when a Detailed CLP is defined before construction activity begins.

Because we need to see a reduction in the impact of London’s construction traffic; we need to look at how to make best use of those vehicles that remain on the roads and ensure that they are as safe and green as possible and are driven only by drivers with the relevant knowledge and training.

To this end below is a range of information, tools and useful sources of information to support this aim:

MODE SHIFT
LOGISTICS EFFICIENCY
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
BETTER WAYS OF WORKING

MODE SHIFT

Using rail or river freight as an alternative to roads is a cost-effective and efficient way of transporting a range of goods and commodities. It’s sustainable, can reduce harmful emissions and improve safety.

DELIVERING GOODS BY WATER

TfL
Use this TfL tool to explore the various options for using waterbourne transport in London

DELIVERING GOODS BY RAIL

Network Rail provides advice on all aspects of moving freight by rail.
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Visit their site here to find out more 

LOGISTICS EFFICIENCY

It’s essential to ensure those construction vehicles that remain on the roads are utilised as efficiently as possible, creating as little environmental impact and risk as possible.

LOGISTICS AND CONSOLIDATION CENTRES

To find out more about construction consolidation and specialist logistics management and services
Click here to visit the CSB Logistics website
Wilson James owns and operates logistics consolidation centres for the construction industry. The London Construction Consolidation Centre (LCCC) provides an efficient method of delivering construction material and equipment.
Click here to find out more
It’s inevitable that a number of construction vehicles will remain on the roads, however it’s essential that these vehicles are utilised as efficiently as possible.
Use of logistics and consolidation centres
The number of deliveries to construction sites can be reduced and controlled by the use of consolidation centres. These facilities can also be used for off-site assembly of materials and for quality control.
Benefits of using consolidation centres:
  • Reduction in road miles
  • Improved safety
  • Increased security of supply
  • Reduced likelihood of damage or theft to materials
  • Reduced overall costs through reduced fuel costs
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For help and information on using consolidation centres, click here to download the
Directory of London Construction Consolidation Centres

DELIVERY SCHEDULING

More than 90% of freight in London is transported by road, and this is particularly evident in the morning peak (07:00-11:00) where freight vehicles account for 25% of traffic.
Scheduling and retiming deliveries to consciously avoid the most congested times of the day will naturally help reduce congestion. There are clear benefits in this activity as by operating during less congested hours allows site-related vehicles to operate more efficiently and reduce the risk of collisions, especially with cyclists and pedestrians. Efficient delivery scheduling can also help reduces cost and contribute towards air quality.
Employing a Delivery Management System (DMS) – whether electronic or paper-based is vital theo the coordination of a site’s booking and delivery process. It ensures the flow of vehicles to and from sites are controlled. It can also help with reliability of delivery for critical items.

OUT OF HOURS

Deliveries and collections that are made outside peak traffic times are more likely to arrive on time, which will in turn reduce potential on-site delays. They also reduce congestion in the vicinity of the site.
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For help and information on how to schedule deliveries at quieter times, see:
Getting The Timing Right

HOLDING AREAS

Using holding and call off areas means that vehicles are able to wait and/or queue at a location near a site, so they can then called to site at short notice. These areas need to be approved by the relevant authority.

ADHERENCE TO DESIGNATED ROUTES

To find out more about designating routes and helping ensure adherence to them
Click here to visit the London Lorry Control website
Strategic access routes
Designated routes are a key part of a CLP and must be adhered to by all vehicles that access a construction site.
All vehicles that travel to and from construction sites (other than local suppliers) should be restricted to using either the Strategic Road Network or Transport for London’s Road Network. These are routes that have been identified as suitable for this type of heavy traffic and are less likely to create congestion, thus helping with local air quality. All contractors and drivers are to be made aware of these routes as part of any CLP.
Local access routes
It’s likely that there will be some impact on local access roads on the last stage of a journey to a site. A CLP will need one or more specific access routes to be specified as compulsory and be shown how they link to the Strategic Road Network. When planning these routes, it’s essential to consider the following:
  • Transport assessment results
  • Local capacity constraints
  • Safety
  • Potential for multi-drop deliveries
  • Site access and unloading points

Community considerations
Planned routes to site should where possible avoid areas that may increase risk to vulnerable road users. The best practice would be to avoid routes that pass:
  • Residential areas
  • Schools
  • Hospitals
  • Health centres
  • Community centres
  • Sports facilities
  • Transport hubs
  • Cycle super highways
TfL
Click here to view the CLP Supplementary Guidance on Community Engagement

SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS

A critical aspect of the Construction Logistics Programme is to improve safety and air quality for the capital. To this end as part of a CLP it’s essential that there is a defined commitment to follow established programmes. Suppliers and contractors are obligated to adhere to higher standards for safety and the environment.

CONSTRUCTION LOGISTICS AND COMMUNITY SAFETY (CLOCS)

Construction Logistics and Community Safety (CLOCS)
This is a single common standard for road risk and is implemented by developers and can be consistently adhered to by fleet operators.
Adherence to this standard will ensure construction companies follow safe practices in the management of their operations, vehicles, drivers and sites.
CLOCS
As part of a CLP it is expected that there will be adoption of and adherence to CLOCS.
Visit: www.clocs.org.uk

FLEET OPERATOR RECOGNITION SCHEME (FORS)

Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme
FORS is a voluntary national fleet accreditation scheme designed to help improve fleet operator performance in key areas such as environmental performance, safety and operational efficiency.
Its purpose is to raise the level of quality within fleet operations and to recognise those operators that are achieving the environmental, safety and efficiency requirements of the FORS Standard.
The FORS logo allows construction clients to readily distinguish FORS operators from other operators – it is a mechanism by which adherence to the CLOCS standard can be assured and monitored.
As part of a CLP, achievement of and adherence to the FORS Silver standard is mandated via the procurement process for all fleet operators engaged to support a development.
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Visit: www.fors-online.org.uk
to find out more and see a list of accredited operators.

HGV Direct Vision Standard (DVS)

Click here to visit the Dennis Eagle website to find out more about:
Urban safety vehicles with maximum driver vision
HGV blind spots have been shown to contribute to a large proportion of collisions with vulnerable road users. Recent research has shown that increased levels of direct vision – what a driver can see directly through the windows of the cab – can improve reaction times and reduce cognitive demand on the driver.
TfL’s Direct Vision Standard was developed in direct response and categorises vehicles using a star rating based on how much a driver can see from their cab directly through windows. The higher the star rating, the more a driver can see.
Three stars equate to a ‘good’ rating, where zero stars will be given to any HGV considered ‘not suitable for use in an urban environment’.
A CLP will require that no zero rated vehicles are used to support a development and that operators are encouraged to use the highest star rated vehicles practicable.
Click here to find out more:
Direct Vision Standard

OPERATIONAL GROUND CONDITIONS AND SITE STANDARDS

Many of the HGVs that pose the greatest risk to vulnerable road users are designed to be driven off-road, with a high chassis designed to cope with uneven or soft surfaces. However the majority of off-road HGVs on London’s streets spend only a small proportion of their time operating in off-road conditions.
TfL has developed an assessment process which will provide a one to five rating based on the ground conditions at a particular site (approach angle, rutting and bumps, water, material type). A directory of rated sites is available to allow vehicle operators to match their vehicle specifications to the operational conditions of specific sites.
Assessment of the development site is essential as part of a CLP and operators supporting the site must be aware of the rating to allow them to select the vehicle most suitable to the operating conditions.
CLOCS has an online directory of on-site ground conditions, allowing operators to view construction, supply and waste sites in a chosen area and identify their suitability for vehicle access
Click here to use the Directory

LOCITY

Complementary to the Construction Logistics Programme, LoCITY is an industry-led programme that looks to increase the supply and uptake of low emission commercial vehicles.
The aims of LoCITY are to:
  • Prepare the freight industry for the introduction of the Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ)
  • Support public and private fleets with upgrades to cleaner vehicles and alternative fuels
  • Improve London’s air quality and deliver health benefits to Londoners
  • Help meet London’s targets on reducing carbon dioxide emissions
LOCITY
The LoCITY website provides a wealth of information on the programme and low emission vehicles, visit the LoCITY website to find out more and get involved.
Visit: www.locity.org.uk

BETTER WAYS OF WORKING

Increasingly developers and regulatory authorities are requiring construction schemes to minimise the number of HGV trips and limit their impact. Deploying a combination of these measures will help achieve this aim.

COLLABORATION

An efficient way of working is to collaborate with neighbouring developers to realise benefits such as:
  • Consolidation of vehicle movements
  • Common procurement
  • Shared waste management
In addition to increasing efficiencies for all, it can also help to reduce negative construction impact.
A CLP will require a review of other sites in the area and assessment of their cumulative impacts. If multiple sites collaborate and implement a range of planned measures, this can be an extremely effective way of working. Shared planned measures could include:
  • Joint use of consolidation centres
  • Shared holding areas
  • Shared cleaning and traffic control
  • Supplier consolidation
  • Driver training
  • Communication and community engagement
  • Shared facilities
  • Reuse of materials

DfMA - Design for Manufacture and Assembly and off-site manufacture

Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA) and off-site construction typically entail the application of factory, or factory-like conditions to construction projects. This may mean the assembly of a complete building from prefabricated components or the use of manufactured building components (façade, mechanical and engineering sub-assemblies, bathroom suite, kitchen, etc.) within a traditional build.
DfMA and off-site manufacture reduces the number of vehicles arriving to site and can minimise the amount of waste generated, therefore reducing the overall environmental impact. Site safety is also improved and costs may be reduced by increasing the speed of construction.

RE-USE OF MATERIALS

There are benefits to be gained by re-using materials on-site:
  • A reduction in vehicle movements delivering new materials
  • A reduction in vehicle movements removing waste materials
A simple example is the crushing of demolished structures to create aggregate. Reusing materials can help to reduce costs, vehicle movements and the environmental impact. This also then minimises the need for additional materials, and the associated financial and environmental benefits this entails.

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CONSTRUCTION LOGISTICS

Construction Logistics is an industry-led programme developed to reduce the volume and impact of construction road freight and the associated issues of safety, congestion and air quality. Finding viable alternatives to minimise the effects on London’s road infrastructure.